There is a wide range of collagen food supplements available on the market today. There is no question about the effectiveness of collagen, which is based on research and customer experience. However, there is a question that is open for every user, namely: How to choose the collagen which is most suitable specifically for me? And which of the collagens will yield the best result for me? To answer these questions, it is important to know the types of collagen and their differences.
As is well known, collagen is a primary protein – the main component of connective tissue; it is like a structural material in the human body, supporting the skin, hair, nails, teeth, bones, tendons, ligaments, joints, connective tissue and muscles. Collagen connects various tissues in the body and ensures their constitution, resilience and flexibility.
What are the most important types of collagen?
There are at least 16 types of collagen found in different body parts, and some of these types are particularly important for our body:
Type 1 collagen
Type 1 collagen occurs in the body in greater amounts than any other type of protein. The human body utilises this specific protein to build bones, tendons, skin, blood vessel walls, corneas and many other types of connective tissue throughout the body.
Type 1 collagen is absolutely necessary for skin health. It is a protein that makes the skin elastic and firm, promotes wound healing and delays progression of the signs of ageing. Since collagen levels in the body drop with age, it is important to supplement it to maintain the skin healthy and youthful.
From where can we get type 1 collagen? One of the most abundant sources is fish collagen. The body easily absorbs marine collagen, and it contains the essential amino acids. Eggshells also contain collagens of type 1, type 3 and type 10.
Type 2 collagen
Type 2 is the main collagen responsible for strengthening the body’s cartilage. Cartilage is found all over the body, for example, in the joints, nose, ears, rib cage and even in parts of the bronchial tubes.
What are the benefits of Type 2 collagen? This is the type of collagen most vital for healthy joints. Strong cartilage can prevent joint pain and stiffness.
Type 2 collagen is found in chickens and fish.
To protect joints, you have to take a food supplement that contains Type 2 collagen, for example, Joint Support Collagen.
Type 3 collagen
Type 3 collagen, like type 1, is discoverable in the skin. Similarly to type 1 collagen, it is an essential element in several organs.
Type 3 collagen is an important protein that ensures skin health, makes the skin firmer and more elastic, thereby helping reduce the signs of ageing. Type 3 collagen is also involved in maintaining a healthy heart.
Collagen reserves deplete with age. Therefore, to maintain the skin elastic and firm, it is necessary to replenish these reserves with collagen food supplements. For this purpose, it is recommended to choose a collagen supplement that contains hydrolysed Type 1 and Type 3 collagens, such as Hydrolysed Collagen or Double Power Collagen, which is enriched with a vitamin complex.
Type 5 collagen is important for women who are pregnant or planning a pregnancy. This type of protein is essential for the formation of the placenta, which ensures the development of a growing foetus, as well as the supply of nutrients and oxygen to it.
This type of collagen is also found in cartilage, hair and some layers of the skin.
Type 10 collagen
This type of collagen is important for healthy bones and joints. It has functions similar to those of Type 2 collagen, is responsible for healthy joints and prevents arthritis.